Open and distance learning (ODL) is one of the most rapidly growing fields of higher education and training globally, thanks for advances in information and communication technologies (ICTs) that contribute to the expansion of online and open delivery in education. Recognizing the potential that open and distance learning has to increase access to and improve the quality of education, the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT) commissioned country case studies that take stock of ODL initiatives in five selected countries—Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.