ICTD InfoBank: A Knowledge Sharing Portal on ICTD for the Asia-Pacific region
The ICTD InfoBank has been designed and developed by APCICT as a place for online convergence of like-minded individuals and organizations working to strengthen capacities in the use of information and communications technology for development (ICTD) in the Asia-Pacific region. The ICTD InfoBank does not attempt to duplicate the work of other ICTD portals, it aims to provide easy access to relevant resources on ICTD. The resources available in the ICTD InfoBank aims to support trainers and educators in building ICTD capacity, and assist policy makers in making informed decisions.
Resources on the ICTD InfoBank include: publications, reports, journal, articles, working papers, training manuals, guidelines, case studies, video and audio files, and multimedia materials, as well as web portals with links to relevant resources, and blog sites. Users can browse these different types of resources by various topics (e.g. e-commerce, e-governance), by country, or by organization that have published these resources.
Digitalization and Economic Performance of Two Fast-Growing Asian Economies: India and the People’s Republic of China (2021)
We identify the role of digitalization and infrastructure in two fast-growing Asian economies, namely India and the People’s Republic of China (PRC), within the growth framework from1990 to 2019 by using panel 2SLS and the NARDL technique.
Prior research shows that technology spillovers across firms increase innovation, productivity, and value. We study how firms finance their own growth stimulated by technology spillovers from their technological peer firms. We find that greater technology spillovers lead to higher leverage. This is the result of technology spillovers increasing asset redeployability, as evidenced by more collateralized borrowing and asset transactions. Borrowing costs also decrease.
The "leave no one behind" principle of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires appropriate indicators for different segments of a country’s population. This entails detailed, granular data on population groups that extend beyond national trends and averages. ADB collaborated with the National Statistical Office of Thailand and the Word Data Lab for the feasibility study, which aimed to enhance the granularity, cost-effectiveness, and compilation of high-quality poverty statistics in Thailand.
Digital Connectivity and Low Earth Orbit Satellite Constellations: Opportunities for Asia and the Pacific (2021)
Satellite communication plays an important role in the global connectivity ecosystem. It connects rural and remote populations, provides backhaul connectivity to mobile cellular networks, and enables rapid communications for emergency and disaster responses. Low Earth orbit constellations may prove to be transformational to the connectivity landscape based on their global coverage and their suitability for areas not served by fiber optic cable networks.
The “leave no one behind” principle of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires appropriate indicators to be estimated for different segments of a country’s population. The guidebook was based on a feasibility study by ADB, in collaboration with the Philippine Statistics Authority, the National Statistical Office of Thailand, and the World Data Lab, that aimed to enhance the granularity, cost-effectiveness, and compilation of high-quality poverty statistics.
Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Education : Effectively Integrating Technology in Under-Resourced Education Systems (2021)
Education systems in under-resourced environments face several challenges, some of them exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. A possible way to address some of the challenges is to apply information and communication technologies. However, effectively integrating technology into education systems is a complex task. In this paper, factors contributing to successful integration of technology in education are explored, with a focus on under-resourced contexts.
In the last decades, developed economies have witnessed significant declines in wages for low-skill workers, increases in employment in high-skill occupations, rapid diffusion of new technology, and expanding offshoring opportunities. Labor markets in developed countries have reallocated labor from manual to cognitive jobs and from routine to non-routine work. Overall, workers are now required to do more complex tasks than before.
Governments play a critical role in the economies of Europe and Central Asia, where government expenditures are close to 40 percent of gross domestic product and the public sector accounts for nearly 27 percent of total employment, which is almost twice the global average. The public sector often attracts some of the best educated workers in the region.
Unraveling Data’s Gordian Knot : Enablers and Safeguards for Trusted Data Sharing in the New Economy (2021)
As countries around the world battle the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the importance of sharing and using data effectively has never been more apparent. Data collection and analysis tools for diagnostics, detection, and prediction are of critical importance to respond intelligently to this crisis and prevent more lives from being lost. An effective response requires data to be shared between institutions, across sectors, and beyond national borders.
This report examines digitalisation’s effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish. While examining these developments, this book also assesses the effects of digitalisation on longstanding policy themes, from access to publicly funded research data, to the diffusion of technology and its absorption by firms. New and emerging topics are also explored.