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Sri Lanka

ICT4D Resources on Sri Lanka

Quick Facts

Total population 
                                             
21.48 million (July 2012 est.)        
                              
GNI per capita

USD 2,580(2011)

GDP growth

8.2% (2011 est.)

Adult literacy rate
91% of ages 15 and older
(2008)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment
63%
Telephone lines (per 100 people)
17.15(2011)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
87.05(2011)
Internet subscribers (per 100 people)
17.15(2011)
Personal computers (per 100 people)
3.7
Households with a television set
32%
International voice traffic (minutes/person/month)
2.9
Mobile telephone usage (minutes/user/month)
86
Internet users (per 100 people)
15(2011)
Population covered by mobile cellular network
90%
Fixed broadband subscribers (% of total Internet subscribers) 31.3
International Internet bandwidth (bits/second/person) 118

Source: ICT at a Glance (The World Bank)

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2007/2008

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2005/2006

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2003/2004

ICT in Education (UNESCO)

ITU ICT EYE

ITU: ICT Data and Statistics (IDS) 

Information and Communication Technology Agency of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Development Gateway

General Resources

Country Profile (BBC)

Development Gateway's Country Resources

The Economist's Country Briefing

The World Factbook (CIA)

The World Bank

Resources on E-Co Hub

 UN-APCICT promotes ICT for development curricula in the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

UN-APCICT promotes ICT for development curricula in the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

The Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (APCICT) and the Information and Communication Technology Agency of Sri Lanka co-organized High Level Briefing on the Primer Series on ICTD for Youth on 29 September 2016. The Briefing took place in conjunction with the national launch of Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI) in Sri Lanka.

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National Launch of the Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI)     in the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

National Launch of the Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI) in the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

The Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI), a flagship programme of the Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development, was launched on 26 September 2016 in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

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Income Security for Older Persons in Sri Lanka

Income Security for Older Persons in Sri Lanka

This project working paper discusses the prevailing system of income security for older persons in Sri Lanka with regard to coverage, beneficiaries and sustainability. The paper finds that the current system is inadequate to provide income security for older persons, as the sustainability of several pension funds is at stake and coverage is relatively low. The paper further calculates the cost of providing universal income security in Sri Lanka.

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Mobile Money for the Unbanked Case Studies: Insights, best practices and lessons from across the globe

Mobile Money for the Unbanked Case Studies: Insights, best practices and lessons from across the globe

A compendium of case studies from the Mobile Money for the Unbanked Programme, discussing in detail many of the success stories and innovations from the mobile money industry.

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UN-APCICT fosters capacity building on social media for development  and governance of Sri Lankan Government Officials

UN-APCICT fosters capacity building on social media for development and governance of Sri Lankan Government Officials

UN-APCICT and the Information and Communication Technology Agency of Sri Lanka (ICTA) are co-organizing the Capacity Building Programme on Social Media for Development and Governance from 5 to 9 October in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

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UN strengthens ICT for inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development  in Asia-Pacific

UN strengthens ICT for inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development in Asia-Pacific

This week the United Nations pledged to broaden the reach of its ICT capacity building programmes and services through the Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT).

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9th Session of UN-APCICT’s Governing Council convenes in Bangkok, Thailand on 15 October 2014

9th Session of UN-APCICT’s Governing Council convenes in Bangkok, Thailand on 15 October 2014

The United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT) will organize the 9th Session of its Governing Council in Bangkok, Thailand on 15 October.

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ICT as a Tool for Accessing Medical Content and Knowledge in Local Languages: Sri Lanka’s Perspective

Most health care professionals in Sri Lanka use ICT for acquiring knowledge, but the use of ICT by the general public for accessing health care information is till at a very low level, although the Government has spent millions of rupees in developing ICT infrastructure all over the island. To address the needs of developing content and application relevant to the Sri Lankan domain, the e-society programme, ICT Agency of Sri Lanka rolled out a two pronged grant mechanism through which partnerships were established several CBOs, NGOs as well as state and private sector organizations. This paper will discuss and review the how ICT agency of Sri Lanka help in developing local language content related to medical information and how it has been facilitate access to general public.

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Social Influence in Mobile Phone Adoption: Evidence from the Bottom of the Pyramid in Emerging Asia

This article attempts to quantitatively measure the various influences on mobile phone adoption at the bottom of the pyramid (BoP) in Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Thailand. Based on an existing theoretical framework, adoption is modeled by fitting a logit model to a large sixcountry dataset. The study finds evidence for the importance of social influence in mobile adoption in two modes: one that exerts pressure on individuals to adopt, and another that helps to generate benefits via social networks that are tied in with economic and business networks. The article elaborates on the resulting social policy implications for using mobile telephone services to fight poverty at the BoP in these and similar countries.

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UN-APCICT publishes case studies to promote open and distance learning

UN-APCICT publishes case studies to promote open and distance learning

Recognizing the potential that open and distance learning has to improve access to education for people facing socio-economic or geographical constraints, the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Center for ICT for Development (UN-APCICT) has published the Open and Distance Learning in Asia and the Pacific Case Study, the third issue of its ICT for Development (ICTD) Case Study Series.

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APCICT Case Study Series: Open and Distance Learning (ODL)

APCICT Case Study Series: Open and Distance Learning (ODL)

Open and distance learning (ODL) is one of the most rapidly growing fields of higher education and training globally, thanks for advances in information and communication technologies (ICTs) that contribute to the expansion of online and open delivery in education. Recognizing the potential that open and distance learning has to increase access to and improve the quality of education, the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT) commissioned country case studies that take stock of ODL initiatives in five selected countries—Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

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UN-APCICT promotes ICT for development human capacity building in countries in Asia-Pacific and Africa

UN-APCICT promotes ICT for development human capacity building in countries in Asia-Pacific and Africa

On 15-18 April 2014, APCICT organized a Capacity Building Workshop on E-Government, Information Security and Privacy in collaboration with the Telecommunications Technology Association of the Republic of Korea and the African Development Bank for 26 government officials and policymakers from 9 countries in Asia-Pacific and 6 countries from Africa.

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ICT as a Tool for Accessing Medical Content and Knowledge in Local Languages: Sri Lanka’s Perspective

Most health care professionals in Sri Lanka use ICT for acquiring knowledge, but the use of ICT by the general public for accessing health care information is till at a very low level, although the Government has spent millions of rupees in developing ICT infrastructure all over the island. To address the needs of developing content and application relevant to the Sri Lankan domain, the e-society programme, ICT Agency of Sri Lanka rolled out a two pronged grant mechanism through which partnerships were established several CBOs, NGOs as well as state and private sector organizations. This paper will discuss and review the how ICT agency of Sri Lanka help in developing local language content related to medical information and how it has been facilitate access to general public.

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Developing South Asia: Lessons & Insights

This publication, the first of South Asia Department’s South-South learning series, aims to showcase lessons, replicable practices, and other insights which development practitioners can learn from, and apply in, the context of their respective countries. Projects discussed here represent various sectors such as energy, urban development, transport, information and communications technology (ICT), irrigation, and disaster risk reduction. The selection of the projects showcased in this publication was based on their implementation or completion within the last ten years, an overall rating of either Highly Satisfactory or Satisfactory in their project completion reports, representation of all developing member countries in South Asia, representation of major sectors of ADB operations in South Asia, and the achievement of exemplary and significant results vis-à-vis their respective project components as documented in the project completion reports.

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Mobile Applications for Agriculture and Rural Development (May 2012)

Mobile applications in general and mobile applications for agricultural and rural development (m-ARD apps) in particular hold significant potential for advancing development. Though there have been many studies on the mobile revolution, there is a lack of systematic trend analyses, in-depth case studies, and assessments of experiences with m-ARD apps in developing countries. Thus this report examines their development impact, ecosystems, and business models to provide an analytical framework for policymakers and development practitioners. The framework is designed to help them understand how these applications can be used to improve services for rural residents in these countries and support enabling environments for innovative m-ARD apps. The report summarizes a study of 92 m-ARD apps in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean. It also presents the findings of 15 detailed case studies of such apps in Kenya, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka.

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Sri Lanka becomes the 27th Country to launch the ‘Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders’ in Asia-Pacific

Sri Lanka becomes the 27th Country to launch the ‘Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders’ in Asia-Pacific

APCICT launches the 'Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders' in Sri Lanka, and provides training on e-Government Applications(Module 3), and Information Security and Privacy Protection(Module 6) to 40 mid-level government offcials and academics.

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Strengthening Rural Livelihoods: The impact of information and communication technologies in Asia

Strengthening Rural Livelihoods: The impact of information and communication technologies in Asia

This capacity buidling publication includes a compilation of several articles written by different authors on the activation of ICT resources in low-income agricultural communities. The articles discuss the effect that ICT, such as cell phone technology, is having on people’s lives in countries across Asia, includeing China, the Philippines, India and Sri Lanka.

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Survey on ICTs for Education in India and South Asia

Survey on ICTs for Education in India and South Asia

The main objective of the Survey is to create a consolidated source of information on the experiences of using ICTs for Education in the South Asian region, as a baseline for future work, and to provide a framework of reference for policy-makers.

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Analysing e-Government Project Failure: Comparing Factoral, Systems and Interpretive Approaches

It is commonly accepted in the computer industry that information systems projects are more likely to fail than not. Academic studies by e-government researchers provide the analytical findings that confirm this practitioner insight. Failure and success are subjective assessments that vary over time and with the standpoint of those making the judgment. Evaluation results are often contested, with the dispute based on political, legal or contractual matters – and even differing academic points of view.

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Success leading to success in the state sector in Sri Lanka

This case study explores the work of the Government of Sri Lanka to introduce ICT skills and competencies for the public sector through testIT and its use of the International Computer Driving License.

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ICT for Non Formal Education

ICT for Non Formal Education

This report on the use of ICTs in non-formal education provides a perspective on how ICTs are increasingly being used in the community in general to make available information and learning to a larger target group outside of the formal school system. The paper attempts to understand the penetration of ICT in delivery of Non Formal Education (NFE).

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APCICT Participates in 24th CACCI Conference in Sri Lanka

APCICT Participates in 24th CACCI Conference in Sri Lanka

APCICT works to support Small and Medium sized Enterprises through ICT

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Sahana: Overview of a Disaster Management System

This paper addresses the alignment between FOSS development and humanitarian applications. It then describes the anatomy of the Sahana system, a web-based, free and open source software that serves as a disaster management system dedicated to information management in relief operation, recovery and rehabilitation. The paper also discusses Sahana deployment and lessons learned.

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e-Sri Lanka: An Integrated Approach to e-Government Case Study

e-Sri Lanka is a roadmap with the objective of harnessing ICTs towards achieving socio-economic development in the country. It is comprised of six core programmes: Re-Engineering Government, e-Society, ICT Policy, Leadership and Capacity Building, Information Infrastructure, and ICT Investment and Private Sector Development. This case study provides some background information, the implementation process, the impact and the lessons learnt from the e-Sri Lanka initiative.

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Lanka Interoperability Framework - Version 0.9.2

Lanka Interoperability Framework (LIFe) is an initiative undertaken by Ministry of Public Administration and Home Affairs in collaboration with Information and Communication Technology Agency (ICTA) to establish recommendations for common data architecture and standards for data exchange for the Government of Sri Lanka.

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Developing Information Technology, Informing Technology for Development: A study of ICT and rural development in Sri Lanka

This study provides an analysis of the deployment of information and communications technology for development (ICT4D) in Sri Lanka with a focus on an ICT4D programme managed by the Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement of Sri Lanka, the country’s largest and oldest rural development NGO, and some projects of the Information and Communication Technology Agency (ICTA), a government agency of Sri Lanka. The study concludes that there is a huge potential in Sri Lanka for deploying ICTs for rural development, thanks, in large part, to the social infrastructure that Sarvodaya has put in place over the years. The challenge now is to interweave technology and information systems into this social infrastructure in ways that bring concrete benefits to rural populations.

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Information and Communication Technologies for Community Empowerment through Non-Formal Education: Experiences from Lao PDR, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Uzbekistan

Information and Communication Technologies for Community Empowerment through Non-Formal Education: Experiences from Lao PDR, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Uzbekistan

This report presents country and regional experiences from ICT for community empowerment through community learning centres (CLC) projects of UNESCO. It highlights experiences using radio, load speakers, computers, CDs, video and digital cameras. It also includes lessons learnt, as well as a synthesis of experiences from the four countries documented: Lao PDR, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Uzbekistan.

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Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals

Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals

The report’s unique approach lies in its use of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to measure and monitor the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on human development. The report examines country-specific experiences in China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam, and provides cross-country comparisons on the use of ICTs to achieve the MDGs.

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National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Sri Lanka

National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Sri Lanka

This country report analyzes the past accomplishments, current trends and future potential of information and communications technology (ICT) in pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals in Sri Lanka. It is based on a survey of Sri Lanka’s ICT initiatives and consultations with key stakeholders active in the development of ICT policies.

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Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia 2004: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Summary

Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia 2004: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Summary

This summary document, with a foreword by Sir Arthur C. Clarke, presents the essence of a pioneering attempt to assess the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in human development in Asia. It captures the rich variety of ICT initiatives in nine Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam) and draws lessons for identifying policy directions.

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Training for ICT development in Sri Lanka and Tanzania

The study begins by exploring the terms IT and ICT. This is followed by a human resources approach to ICT, based on the assumption that a programme for ICT education should be structured according to a desired level of ICT proficiency. Swedish government policies that have created the conditions for Sweden’s competency in the ICT sector are reviewed, followed by a thorough analysis of education and training in Sweden. The sections on Sri Lanka and Tanzania follow a similar logic though they are more geared to concrete policy recommendations appearing at the end of those chapters.

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