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Mongolia

ICT4D Resources on Mongolia

Quick Facts

Total population                                            
3,179,997 (July 2012 est.)                                     
Literacy rate
97.8% (male = 95%; female = 97.5%)
GDP per capita

USD 4,800 (2011 est.)

Computers per 100 inhabitants

2.5
Fixed-line telephones per 100 inhabitants

6.7 (2011)

Mobile phone subscribers per 100 inhabitants
105.08 (2011)
Internet users per 100 inhabitants
20(2011)
Domain names registered under '.mn'
2,020
Broadband subscribers per 100 inhabitants
0.3
Internet domestic bandwidth
155 Mbps (in rural areas); 2 Gbps (in Ulaanbaatar)
Internet international bandwidth
2.5 Gbps (June 2008)
Percentage of population covered by mobile signal
41

Source: Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2009/2010

Development of Mongolia - Information and Communication Technology Seminar

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2007/2008

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2005/2006

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2003/2004

ICT at a Glance (World Bank)

ICT in Education (UNESCO)

Information and Communication Technology Authority (ICTA)

ITU ICT EYE

ITU: ICT Data and Statistics (IDS) 

IT Consulting Company of Mongolia (InTeC)

Mongolian Foundation for Open Society

Mongolian Information Development Assosiation (MIDAS)

General Resources

Country Profile (BBC)

Development Gateway's Country Resources

The World Factbook (CIA)

Resources on E-Co Hub

Coding for a Green UB: Fostering Civic Entrepreneurship and Green Growth Innovation in Mongolia

Coding for a Green UB: Fostering Civic Entrepreneurship and Green Growth Innovation in Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, has an ongoing problem: it’s regularly listed among the world’s most-polluted cities. On the other hand, it has a relatively young and tech-savvy population with high connectivity and smartphone penetration. Herein lies a unique opportunity.

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SMEs and Women-owned SMEs in Mongolia

SMEs and Women-owned SMEs in Mongolia

The “SMEs and Women-Owned SMEs in Mongolia” report highlights the key trends, challenges, and opportunities for Mongolian SMEs in three areas: enabling environment, supply and demand prospects for financial and non-financial services, and demand for and access to finance, with a particular focus on women-owned businesses. The study is expected to provide guidance to IFC and other financial institutions in the design and implementation of their SME Banking and Women-focused products in Mongolia.

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Information and Communication Technology for Development, ADB Experiences

The Asian Development Bank has been part of searching for better development solutions and innovative approaches using ICT and experiencing the challenges of realities in implementation.This paper selectively takes stock of ADB initiatives across sectors, countries, and regions to share their experiences.

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Mongolia Partner National Academy of Governance Conducts E-Governance Workshop

Mongolia Partner National Academy of Governance Conducts E-Governance Workshop

The Mongolian National Academy of Governance holds workshop on e-Governance in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

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Using Mobile Phones to Improve Educational Outcomes: An Analysis of Evidence from Asia

Despite improvements in educational indicators, such as enrolment, significant challenges remain with regard to the delivery of quality education in developing countries, particularly in rural and remote regions. In the attempt to find viable solutions to these challenges, much hope has been placed in new information and communication technologies (ICTs), mobile phones being one example. This article reviews the evidence of the role of mobile phone-facilitated mLearning in contributing to improved educational outcomes in the developing countries of Asia by exploring the results of six mLearning pilot projects that took place in the Philippines, Mongolia, Thailand, India, and Bangladesh.

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ICTD Case Study 1: ICT Human Capacity Building for Development

ICTD Case Study 1: ICT Human Capacity Building for Development

The first issue of the Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development’s (APCICT) ICTD Case Study Series, ICT Human Capacity Building for Development discusses the experiences of ICTD practitioners who have partnered with APCICT to roll-out the “Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders” (Academy). The Academy, APCICT’s flagship programme, is designed to equip government officials and policymakers with the necessary skills and knowledge to leverage ICT solutions for socio-economic development. Case Study 1 shares the lessons learned by Academy partners in rolling-out the Academy in their own countries, including Afghanistan, Indonesia, Mongolia, the Philippines, and the Pacific Island Countries.

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Mongolian Delegation Visits UN ICT Training Centre

Mongolian Delegation Visits UN ICT Training Centre

APCICT and ICTPA reaffirm ICT capacity building partnership in Mongolia

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Mongolia's Academy of Management Institutionalizes the Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders Programme and Organized Training Workshop

Mongolia's Academy of Management Institutionalizes the Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders Programme and Organized Training Workshop

On 18-22 May 2009, AoM successfully organized a National Academy Workshop for ICT specialists in implementing agencies of Mongolia. The workshop was conducted by local resource people from AoM, ICT and Post Authority, and INTEC Co., Ltd. who have undergone APCICT's regional training of trainers programme. Another Academy workshop for ICT specialists in Ministries and coordinating agencies is planned.

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UN Works with Mongolia to Close the Digital-Divide: Senior Government Officials Received ICT for Development Training in Ulaanbaatar

UN Works with Mongolia to Close the Digital-Divide: Senior Government Officials Received ICT for Development Training in Ulaanbaatar

The first national roll-out of the Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders was held on 10-12 December 2008 at the Government House, thanks to the strong endorsement from the Prime Minister’s Office. The National Academy Training Workshop boosted the information and communication technology (ICT) capacity of over 50 senior Mongolian government officials including heads of departments and agencies in government ministries.

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UN Helps Strengthen Mongolia and Pacific Islands’ Information and Communication Technology Capabilities

UN-APCICT signed on 10 September 2008 separate agreements with Mongolia’s Information and Communication Technology Authority (ICTA) and the Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), which will see both organizations customize an APCICT training curriculum, the Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders.

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White Paper of Information and Communications Technology Development in Mongolia 2006

This white paper explores Mongolia ICT policy, legal and regulatory framework. It also summarizes the results and status of the country's ICT development. Profiles and contacts of ICT organizations in Mongolia are also provided in this white paper.

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Constructing the Pillars of a Knowledge Society: The Challenge of Providing Access to ICTs in Rural Mongolia

The paper looks at the challenges in providing access to ICTs in the vast rural areas of Mongolia where more than half the population still follows a nomadic herding lifestyle. The paper concludes that despite a positive policy environment for developing ICTs and limited success in extending Internet connectivity into the rural towns, the prospect of integrating these services into the social and business practices of rural communities remains a long way off. Future research needs to go beyond economic and technological factors and focus on the social and cultural implications of incorporating ICTs into traditional societies.

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Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals

Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals

The report’s unique approach lies in its use of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to measure and monitor the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on human development. The report examines country-specific experiences in China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam, and provides cross-country comparisons on the use of ICTs to achieve the MDGs.

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Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia 2004: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Summary

Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia 2004: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Summary

This summary document, with a foreword by Sir Arthur C. Clarke, presents the essence of a pioneering attempt to assess the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in human development in Asia. It captures the rich variety of ICT initiatives in nine Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam) and draws lessons for identifying policy directions.

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Information and Communication Technology Policy in Mongolia

This paper gives a brief overview on ICT policy in Mongolia. It looks at the functions of government bodies, various government and donor initiatives, and the legislative documents including laws and action plans.

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