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India

ICT4D Resources on India

Quick Facts

Total population                                              
1,205,073,612 (July 2012 est.)          
                                 
Literacy rate
61% (male = 73%; female = 48%)
GDP per capita

USD 3,700 (2011)

Computers per 100 inhabitants

6.12
Mobile phone subscribers per 100 inhabitants
72
Internet users per 100 inhabitants
10.07
Broadband subscribers per 100 inhabitants
1.03
Internet domestic bandwidth
19–20 Tb total installed bandwidth capacity and 500–700 Gb lit-up capacity
Internet international bandwidth
27,000 Mbps (2006)

Source: Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2009/2010

Country Profile (OpenNet Initiative)

Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2007/2008

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2005/2006

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2003/2004

Global Information Society Watch 2007

ICT at a Glance (The World Bank)

ICT in Education (UNESCO)

ITU ICT EYE

General Resources

Country Profile (BBC)

Development Gateway's Country Resources

The Economist Country Briefing

The World Factbook (CIA)

Resources on e-Co Hub

The power of parity: Advancing women’s equality in India

The power of parity: Advancing women’s equality in India

Our new report, The power of parity: Advancing women’s equality in India, reveals that about 70 percent of this “best in region” potential would come from raising women’s participation in India’s labor force by ten percentage points between now and 2025, bringing 68 million more women into the labor force—70 percent of them in just nine states. This will require bridging both economic and social gender gaps. To determine this, we have created a measure of gender equality for Indian states: the India Female Empowerment Index, or Femdex (exhibit).

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Women’s Rights Online: Translating Access into Empowerment

Women’s Rights Online: Translating Access into Empowerment

New research by the Web Foundation shows that the dramatic spread of mobile phones is not enough to get women online, or to achieve empowerment of women through technology. The study, based on a survey of thousands of poor urban men and women across nine developing countries*, found that while nearly all women and men own a phone, women are still nearly 50% less likely to access the Internet than men in the same communities, with Internet use reported by just 37% of women surveyed. Once online, women are 30-50% less likely than men to use the Internet to increase their income or participate in public life.

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Social Media Platforms for Low-Income Blind People in India

Social Media Platforms for Low-Income Blind People in India

We present the first analysis of the use and non-use of social media platforms by low-income blind users in rural and periurban India. Using a mixed-methods approach of semistructured interviews and observations, we examine the benefits received by low-income blind people from Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp and investigate constraints that impede their social media participation. We also present a detailed analysis of how low-income blind people used a voice-based social media platform deployed in India that received significant traction from low-income people in rural and peri-urban areas. In eleven-weeks of deployment, fifty-three blind participants in our sample collectively placed 4784 voice calls, contributed 1312 voice messages, cast 33,909 votes and listened to the messages 46,090 times. Using a mixed-methods analysis of call logs, qualitative interviews, and phone surveys, we evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the platform and benefits it offered to low-income blind people.

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Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India

Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India

CGNet Swara is a voice-based platform for citizen journalism, launched in rural India in 2010. Since then, CGNet Swara has logged over 575,000 phone calls, over 6,900 published stories, and 287 reports of specific problems that were solved via the system. In this paper, we characterize the ongoing impact of CGNet Swara using a mixed-methods approach that includes 70 interviews with contributors, listeners, moderators, journalists, officials, and other actors. Our analysis also draws on the content of published posts, two focus groups, and a 9-day field immersion. Our results highlight personal narratives of the transformative benefits CGNet Swara has brought to rural communities. While the resolution of grievances is the most visible impact, we also uncover a diverse portfolio of other impacts connected to contributing and listening to the platform, as well as opportunities to further enhance impact. Our work contributes to the dialogue surrounding the impact of ICTD projects, especially those that span multiple years.

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The Politics of Anti-poverty Artefacts: Lessons from the Compterization of The Food Security System in Karnataka

The Politics of Anti-poverty Artefacts: Lessons from the Compterization of The Food Security System in Karnataka

The last few years have seen a rapid increase in the discussion of the role of new technologies in strengthening social safety nets. However, the hypothesis that technology design is intertwined with political agendas - aiming at instilling specific visions and policy objectives in anti-poverty programmes - has remained to a large extent unexplored, being either taken as implicit or neglected by technical discourse. In this paper, we look at computerization of a large food security programme - the Public Distribution System in Karnataka, India - to argue that technology, far from simply affecting the functioning of existing processes, can be built to advance specific political agendas, which carry clear stances on the ways in which social welfare targets are to be reached. However, recipients’ perception of these programmes depends highly on how technology affects access to their entitlements, which need therefore to be set at the core of anti-poverty technology design. The case study is used to draw lessons for policy, specifically aimed at countries embarking into computerization of their social safety nets.

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UN strengthens ICT for inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development  in Asia-Pacific

UN strengthens ICT for inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development in Asia-Pacific

This week the United Nations pledged to broaden the reach of its ICT capacity building programmes and services through the Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT).

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9th Session of UN-APCICT’s Governing Council convenes in Bangkok, Thailand on 15 October 2014

9th Session of UN-APCICT’s Governing Council convenes in Bangkok, Thailand on 15 October 2014

The United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT) will organize the 9th Session of its Governing Council in Bangkok, Thailand on 15 October.

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Information and Communications Technologies - An Agent of Social Change for Rural Women in Odisha

Domestic responsibilities, cultural restrictions on mobility, lesser economic power as well as lack of relevance of content to their lives, marginalize women from the information sector. The present paper focuses on key questions and concerns on the use and accessibility of ICT and the potential that it possesses to transform the position of women in the Indian society, more specifically in Odisha. The questions range from who are the ‘real’ beneficiaries of ICT? Who is monopolizing the course of ICT? Is there an opportunity (or possibility) to bind ICT to dole out bigger and definitely significant goals of equality and justice? More importantly, the prime concern that this paper raises is the issue of gender and women’s equal right to access, use and shape ICT.

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Assessing the Impact of E-Government:A Study of Projects in India

Assessing the Impact of E-Government:A Study of Projects in India

This paper reports the development of an assessment methodology that could be used in developing countries to justify investments in e-government, as well as to establish a performance benchmark for future projects. This framework identifies key stakeholders, dimensions on which the impact needs to be measured, and a methodology of measurement. Client value is measured primarily in two dimensions: 1) cost to the client of accessing services, and 2) perception by the client of quality of service and governance. In a limited way, the anancial cost- beneat impact to the agency implementing the project is also studied. The paper takes India as its example location for application of the framework, presenting assessment results from eight e-government projects which estimate the difference between client ratings of computerized and (earlier) manual systems. Clients indicated an overwhelming preference for computerized service delivery, with reports of fewer journeys, less waiting time, and some reduction in corruption (marginal in places).

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Agricultural information networks, information needs and risk management strategies: a survey of farmers in Indo-Gangetic Plains of India

Agricultural information networks, information needs and risk management strategies: a survey of farmers in Indo-Gangetic Plains of India

Access to reliable, timely and relevant information can help significantly and in many ways to reduce farmers’ risk and uncertainty, empowering them to make good decisions. However, whether or not this access leads to impact often depends on issues related to markets, institutions, policies and resource availability. Several studies have shown that the wide availability and multiple sources of information have not significantly changed farmers’ behavior towards new technologies and information - a fact that is often attributed to a lack of knowledge or understanding of farmers’ perspectives and needs on the part of information providers. The main objective of the study was to identify the information needs of farmers that would enable them manage risk in the wheat, maize and rice cropping systems in Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) and also analyze the factors that impact the selection of information sources by farming households.

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ICT–Enabled Rural Education in India

This paper gives ideas to improve the rural education through ICTs, especially the computer-related technologies. It also aims to provide some suggestions for effective implementation of the national policy for ICT in education in rural areas in India.

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Social Influence in Mobile Phone Adoption: Evidence from the Bottom of the Pyramid in Emerging Asia

This article attempts to quantitatively measure the various influences on mobile phone adoption at the bottom of the pyramid (BoP) in Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Thailand. Based on an existing theoretical framework, adoption is modeled by fitting a logit model to a large sixcountry dataset. The study finds evidence for the importance of social influence in mobile adoption in two modes: one that exerts pressure on individuals to adopt, and another that helps to generate benefits via social networks that are tied in with economic and business networks. The article elaborates on the resulting social policy implications for using mobile telephone services to fight poverty at the BoP in these and similar countries.

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Indian e-Government Project led by Dr. Rajendra Kumar, chairman of UN-APCICT’s 8th Governing Council wins United Nations Public Service Awards

Indian e-Government Project led by Dr. Rajendra Kumar, chairman of UN-APCICT’s 8th Governing Council wins United Nations Public Service Awards

The project Mobile Seva led by Dr. Rajendra Kumar, Joint Secretary of the Department of Electronics and IT of the Government of India and chairman of UN-APCICT’s 8th Governing Council, has been awarded the United Nations Public Service Award.

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UN-APCICT promotes ICT for development human capacity building in countries in Asia-Pacific and Africa

UN-APCICT promotes ICT for development human capacity building in countries in Asia-Pacific and Africa

On 15-18 April 2014, APCICT organized a Capacity Building Workshop on E-Government, Information Security and Privacy in collaboration with the Telecommunications Technology Association of the Republic of Korea and the African Development Bank for 26 government officials and policymakers from 9 countries in Asia-Pacific and 6 countries from Africa.

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Gender Equity and the Use of ICT in Education

This essay on gender equity and the use of ICTs in education looks at how ICTs are being used by girls and women in the education space in the focus countries. Gender disparity is a critical issue in all focus countries, except perhaps the Maldives and Sri Lanka to an extent. Most countries in the region are characterized by low female literacy levels, lower participation in the labor force, and lower representation in the administrative and political arena. This essay discusses the potential of ICTs for ensuring gender equity as well as the policy level decisions required to mainstream gender in the initiatives and schemes formulated by the government. It profiles a few initiatives in the different focus countries where ICTs are being used either to promote education among girls and women or to improve their livelihood chances.

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Using ICTs to Facilitate "Climate Smart Agriculture" among Tribal Farmers of North East India

The Adi tribal community inhabit the Siang river valley and foothills of the Eastern Himalayas of NorthEast India. Most farmers are smallholders, and practice jhum (slashandburn) cultivation. Together with difficult mountainous terrain, regular natural calamities, irregular monsoon rainfall, etc., this means agriculture is only for subsistence. 40 per cent of the population lives below the poverty line and agricultural productivity has been among the lowest in India. A 2007 information needs assessment found the overwhelming majority of Adi farmers lacked access to agricultural information with which to address these and other challenges. Considering this very difficult scenario, the eArik (e-agriculture) project was initiated in 2007, aiming to disseminate "climate smart agriculture practices" and also to achieve food security.

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ICT–Enabled Rural Education in India

Right to Education is the primary right of every citizen of India. According to the Article 45 of Indian Constitution the basic elementary education must be provided to all the children up to the age of fourteen years. Even after 64 years of independence some States in India are still struggling to achieve Universal enrolment, retention and quality education. Schools in rural areas are promoted to raise the level of education and literacy in rural India. The main aim of running these types of schools in India is to increase the rate of literacy in rural areas. More than 40 percent of India’s population is illiterate and cannot read or write. Schools in rural areas are inadequate and often equivalent to being non-existent. Thus, government’s initiatives to set up schools in rural areas came into picture. According to Just Indian Schools the conditions of rural education in India, is improving steadily. The fee structure in these schools is very low so that every child can study and afford it.

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E-Governance in India: Problems and Acceptability

Governments and public sector organizations around the world are facing to reform their public administration organizations and deliver more efficient and cost effective services, as well as better information and knowledge to their stakeholders. e-Governance is the effective use of Information & Communication Technology (ICT) to improve the system of governance that is in place, and thus provide better services to the Citizens. e-Governance is considered as a high priority agenda in India, as it is considered to be the only means of taking IT to the “Common Public”. Developments in e-Governance provide opportunities to harness the power of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to make the business of governance inexpensive, qualitatively responsive, and truly encompassing. In this paper we discuss about the basic problems and acceptability of e-Governance in India.

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Empowering women through ICT

From 2007 up until early 2011 Spider supported various gender-focused initiatives that sought to uplift women particularly in the rural regions of the global south. This report offers an analysis of the impact on the lives of the women that participated in the projects. The publication covers five different projects carried out in six different locations. There were two projects in Bolivia, one focusing on empowering female indigenous leaders and the other provided female victims of domestic violence with a safe virtual environment where they could receive support and exchange experiences and information. Another project was carried out in two separate countries on the coast of the Indian Ocean. The project focused on ecological sustainability, diversification of livelihood, basic training in ICT and focused primarily on women’s self-help groups in Kenya and India. In Rwanda the project focus was on integrating ICT into women’s basket weaving practices in order to explore the opportunities of an online presence as well as the preservation of traditional practices. A research project in Vietnam focused on the consideration given to gender in the development of ICT.

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e-Governance at Grassroots Level in South Asia: A Study of Citizen-centric e-Panchayats in India

The paper intends to underline the features of e-governance at local self-government level in rural India and examines the viability of the e-panchayats in making the local-self governance citizen-centric for efficient, responsive, cost effective, result-oriented mechanism for faster pace of rural development. The epanchayats also become the effective instrument of vibrant grassroots democracy by empowering people with knowledge. Theoretical tenets, application of ICT in local-level governance and outcome features have also been underlined. The focuses have also on the theoretical aspects of e-governance, followed by practical aspects, and the role of ICT in the areas of good governance and facilitating people’s enhanced access to the governance, and finally on the prospects of e-governance at local level in the south Asian region.

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Developing South Asia: Lessons & Insights

This publication, the first of South Asia Department’s South-South learning series, aims to showcase lessons, replicable practices, and other insights which development practitioners can learn from, and apply in, the context of their respective countries. Projects discussed here represent various sectors such as energy, urban development, transport, information and communications technology (ICT), irrigation, and disaster risk reduction. The selection of the projects showcased in this publication was based on their implementation or completion within the last ten years, an overall rating of either Highly Satisfactory or Satisfactory in their project completion reports, representation of all developing member countries in South Asia, representation of major sectors of ADB operations in South Asia, and the achievement of exemplary and significant results vis-à-vis their respective project components as documented in the project completion reports.

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Current e-Governance Scenario in Healthcare sector of India

The current e-governance scenario in the healthcare sector in India is disappointing. Public health services run by the government are overburdened and collapsing. Large geographical size, increased population density, lack of transport, inaccessibility, illiteracy, poverty, poor nutritional status, diversity in food habit and life style are various impediments. Government priorities for providing food, safe water and school education are yet to be fulfilled. At this stage low budget for health, lack of funds and coordination have triggered down trend in health services. As medical science is fast developing and information resource is pouring in, there is urgent need for dissemination knowledge by interlinking primary, secondary and tertiary level health centres by ICT applications. This paper reviews ICT applications at National Level and also in Orissa province. It presents facts on tele-medicine, tele-referal services and health information dissemination by Video conferencing, Gramsat and e-Grama tools used in Orissa. The prospects and constraints of ICT implementation for Governance of healthcare is addressed.

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A Scenario on the role of ICT in Governance And Education System

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) have become common place entities in all aspects of life. Across the past twenty years the use of ICT has fundamentally changed the practices and procedures of nearly all forms of endeavor within business and governance. Within education, ICT has begun to have a presence but the impact has not been as extensive as in other fields. Education is a very socially oriented activity and quality education has increased. The use of ICT in education lends itself to more student-centered learning. India has made impressive strides in the application of ICT in recent years and this is reflected in its vibrant and fast growing economy. Here, we will find out the awareness about the ICT among people and the impact of IT on students. Highlight the factors prevents reaping the benefits of ICTs and technological innovations to access them. Also identifies the bottlenecks in system.

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The Advent of ICT in Higher Education and Its Implications

The introduction of ICT in the last two decades or so in India has brought about enormous changes in every sphere of life and especially in the field of education. This new digital technology has become inevitable and essential and it promises revolutionary benefits for the present and future. But along the way it also poses certain challenges which need to be addressed holistically in effective ways in order to keep pace with the rest of the world and ensure a robust system. This paper takes an overview of the present state of ICT in India and discusses the core issues relating to planning and implementation.

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E-Learning technology for rural child development

21 st century is the century of Hi-Tech. Recently Hi- Tech comprises IT, ICT, BT and Nano-Technology. Today ICT (Information Communication Technology) is a unique technology which is used universally in all span of life. ICT plays a predominant role in the creation and development of knowledge. The ICT revolution has changed the learning process of childhood up to the real world. E-learning is a combination of learning services and technology to provide high values. Internet plays a vital role in e-learning. Elearning is attaining significance in the world of internet. Due to the advantages of in internet, e-learning reached at any time and any where. To meet the demands of our global economy, there must be corresponding adoptions of e-learning in child education to develop 21st century skills. Computers are reshaping children’s lives, at home and at school in profound and unexpected ways. In this paper, we have discussed problems, considerations, issues and approaches to e-learning in India with giving stress on important features of e-learning and benefit of elearning for rural child development. The paper also highlights elearning’s applicability and acceptance in developing country like India. Digital learning in India is limited one but implementation and planning for e-learning and development of ICT is important. E-learning technologies have great potential to spread learning. However, the benefits of these technologies have to reach the rural masses of India; otherwise it will be one of the causes of the Digital Divide.

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ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction: The Indian Experience

ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction: The Indian Experience

This report provides a brief introduction to the national framework India has developed for Disaster Risk Reduction, and how ICT is being implemented within this policy. The report summarizes the different ICT resources the Government of India is utilizing to reduce disaster risk and manage disasters that do occur

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Towards a UbiComp for a Global community

Towards a UbiComp for a Global community

This paper discusses ubiquitous computing and technologies for populations in resource-poor, digitally unstable, and diversely literate environments. Extending UbiComp’s frame of reference to include any ICT with a ubiquitous presence, this paper articulates how technologies are adopted, accessed, used, and diffused in three urban slums of India.

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Strengthening Rural Livelihoods: The impact of information and communication technologies in Asia

Strengthening Rural Livelihoods: The impact of information and communication technologies in Asia

This capacity buidling publication includes a compilation of several articles written by different authors on the activation of ICT resources in low-income agricultural communities. The articles discuss the effect that ICT, such as cell phone technology, is having on people’s lives in countries across Asia, includeing China, the Philippines, India and Sri Lanka.

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Survey on ICTs for Education in India and South Asia

Survey on ICTs for Education in India and South Asia

The main objective of the Survey is to create a consolidated source of information on the experiences of using ICTs for Education in the South Asian region, as a baseline for future work, and to provide a framework of reference for policy-makers.

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ICT for Disaster Management: Real life examples

This compilation of case studies explores some of the sound practices in the Asia-Pacific region in applications of information, communication and space technology for effective and efficient disaster risk reduction and management.

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UN partners with India’s Department of Information Technology to develop national ICT human capacity for socio-economic growth

UN partners with India’s Department of Information Technology to develop national ICT human capacity for socio-economic growth

Department of Information Technology, Government of India and over thirty Indian government officials and senior training instructors are partnering with APCICT to launch a national training programme on the use of information and communication technology for socio-economic development (ICTD).

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First National Training of Trainers Workshop, in partnership with with India’s Department of Information Technology (DIT) and the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA)

UN-APCICT/ESCAP to launch the “Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders Programme” (Academy) in India, in partnership with India’s Department of Information Technology (DIT) and the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA).

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ICT for Non Formal Education

ICT for Non Formal Education

This report on the use of ICTs in non-formal education provides a perspective on how ICTs are increasingly being used in the community in general to make available information and learning to a larger target group outside of the formal school system. The paper attempts to understand the penetration of ICT in delivery of Non Formal Education (NFE).

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Using Mobile Phones to Improve Educational Outcomes: An Analysis of Evidence from Asia

Despite improvements in educational indicators, such as enrolment, significant challenges remain with regard to the delivery of quality education in developing countries, particularly in rural and remote regions. In the attempt to find viable solutions to these challenges, much hope has been placed in new information and communication technologies (ICTs), mobile phones being one example. This article reviews the evidence of the role of mobile phone-facilitated mLearning in contributing to improved educational outcomes in the developing countries of Asia by exploring the results of six mLearning pilot projects that took place in the Philippines, Mongolia, Thailand, India, and Bangladesh.

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Looking Ahead: The Development of Information Management in Asia’s Public Sector

Looking Ahead: The Development of Information Management in Asia’s Public Sector

The paper explores several areas linked to information management systems throughout Asia Pacific, and reveals a strong general trend towards improved management systems. It also highlights the massive growth of data that governments are required to keep and the challenge of keeping up with expected future growth.

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ICT Human Capacity Building in India

This country paper was prepared for the Third Session of the Governing Council of APCICT. It gives an overview of the initiatives undertaken in the area of ICT Human Capacity Building under the mandates of WSIS and MDGs, and provides specific needs and recommendations for this area in India.

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Compendium of eGovernance Initiatives in India

This book consolidates over 40 e-governance projects, implemented in India focused on Government to Business, Government to Citizen, Government to Government and Government to Employees initiatives. In addition, the book also details an e-governance project assessment framework. The book is a good resource for those working in e-governance.

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Deploying a Rural Wireless Telemedicine System: Experiences in Sustainability

A novel ICT project in rural India uses long-distance Wi-Fi networking to enable high-quality videoconferencing between eye hospitals and remote village clinics. The project highlights the importance of sustainability as a first-class goal for systems research.

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Stages of Design in Technology for Global Development

Information and communication technology projects designed to cost-effectively impact the world's poorest communities require more than technical solutions. A Microsoft research group shares its experiences and lessons learned implementing various ICT4D initiatives in India.

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ICT4RD

This online portal has a collection of case studies of completed and ongoing projects on ICT applications for rural development in India. The cases are from governmental and non-governmental sources, on categories including: agriculture; culture, tourism and heritage; disaster management; e-governance; education; environment and natural resources management; health; livelihoods; rural water supply and sanitation; and women empowerment.

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Empowering the Poor: Information and Communications Technology for Governance and Poverty Reduction - A Study of Rural Development Projects in India

Empowering the Poor: Information and Communications Technology for Governance and Poverty Reduction - A Study of Rural Development Projects in India

This publication systematically analyzes 18 projects in India that uses information and communications technology (ICT) for the benefit of poor people, and provides recommendations on how ICT can be applied to the massive, widespread and seemingly intractable problems of poverty. The publication also ranks the projects by their relevance, service delivery, community participation and empowerment, equality in decision-making and benefits, sustainability, replicability and their prospects for being scaled-up.

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Public-Private Partnerships in a Minimally Invasive Education Approach

This paper examines the Minimally Invasive Education (MIE) Project in India. The project involved installing computer learning stations in an open, outdoor location, and encouraging children to learn on their own, with minimal, or no intervention.This project is an illustration of a public-private partnership between the Government of NCT of Delhi and NIIT Ltd (India’s leading private sector corporation offering IT education, training and global IT learning solutions) to overcome digital illiteracy.

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Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals

Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals

The report’s unique approach lies in its use of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to measure and monitor the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on human development. The report examines country-specific experiences in China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam, and provides cross-country comparisons on the use of ICTs to achieve the MDGs.

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Good Practices in Information and Communication Technology Policies in Asia and the Pacific: Promotion of Enabling Policies and Regulatory Frameworks for Information and Communication Technology Development in the Asia-Pacific Region

Good Practices in Information and Communication Technology Policies in Asia and the Pacific: Promotion of Enabling Policies and Regulatory Frameworks for Information and Communication Technology Development in the Asia-Pacific Region

This study is intended to be a resource for ICT policy planners and decision makers, and offers policy-oriented perspectives on ICT policy formulation and implementation in the Asia-Pacific region In preparing for the study, fact-finding missions were fielded to India, Malaysia and the Republic of Korea, followed by a regional seminar on enabling policies and regulatory frameworks for ICT development in the Asian and Pacific region held at Bangkok in December 2003 and an ESCAP/ITU regional training workshop on enabling policies and regulatory frameworks for ICT development in the Asian and Pacific region held at Bangkok in May 2004.

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National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - India

National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - India

This country report reviews and assesses progress made in India in drafting and implementing its national e-policies and e-strategies towards meeting its national development goals and the Millennium Development Goals.

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Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia 2004: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Summary

Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia 2004: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Summary

This summary document, with a foreword by Sir Arthur C. Clarke, presents the essence of a pioneering attempt to assess the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in human development in Asia. It captures the rich variety of ICT initiatives in nine Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam) and draws lessons for identifying policy directions.

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ICT Initiatives, Women and Work in Developing Countries: Reinforcing or Changing Gender Inequalities in South India?

This paper argues that ICTs as a form of new technology are socially deterministic, with varied implications for women in terms of employment and empowerment dependent on the context within which the ICTs are utilized. The paper presents findings from two ICT initiatives in South India showing significant impacts on women's employment, income and social roles. One ICT initiative - 'gender-blind' and pursued within the globalized, competitive context of an increased role for markets and 'flexibility' - has generally reinforced gender inequalities. By contrast, a gender-focused ICT initiative involving significant state intervention has brought about positive changes to livelihood outcomes and empowerment of poor women.

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India Information Technology Action Plan

The IT Action Plan I emphasize the Policy Framework required for creating an ambience for the accelerated flow of investment into the IT sector, with specific orientation towards the Software Industry. The IT Action Plan II furnishes 84 Policy instruments for the Development, Manufacture and Export of IT Hardware. While, the IT Action Plan III focuses on long term IT policies such as IT research, design and development, IT human resource development and content creation.

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Capacity Building in use of Geoinformatics for Disaster Risk Reduction : Experience of IIRS, India

A presentation made by Vinay K Dadhwal, Dean of Indian Institute or Remote Sensing National Remote Sensing Centre (ISRO) during the international conference "Building a Local Government Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction" on 11-13 August 2009, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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