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China

ICT4D Resources on China

Quick Facts

Total population                                              
1.343 billion (July 2012 est.)     
                                                                                                             
Literacy rate

Adult literacy: 92.2%
Adult male: 96%  Adult female: 88.5%

GDP per capita

USD 8,500

Computers per 100 inhabitants

35.39
Fixed-line telephones per 100 inhabitants

21.16

Mobile phone subscribers per 100 inhabitants
73.19
Internet users per 100 inhabitants
38.30
Domain names registered under '.cn'
9 million (as of November 2007)
Broadband subscribers per 100 inhabitants
11.61
Internet domestic bandwidth
321Gbps (as of June 2007)
Internet international bandwidth
368,927 Mbps (as of November 2007)

Source: Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2009/2010

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2007/2008

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2005/2006

Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2003/2004

ICT at a Glance (World Bank)

ICT in Education (UNESCO)

ITU ICT EYE

Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

OpenNet Initiative - Country Profile

Public Administration Country Profile (UNPAN)

Telecentre.org Country Profile

General Resources

Country Profile (BBC)

Development Gateway's Country Resources

The World Factbook (CIA)

Resources on E-Co Hub

Moderating Growth and Structural Change in the People's Republic of China: Implications for Developing Asia and Beyond

Moderating Growth and Structural Change in the People's Republic of China: Implications for Developing Asia and Beyond

A gradual moderation in growth is currently underway in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). This is the result of a combination of factors, including a shrinking working-age population, the natural process of convergence and rising labor costs, and a structural shift toward consumption-led growth partly encouraged by government. It also reflects continued weakness in external demand and the working out of overcapacity in some sectors.

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Module 9 ICT for Disaster Risk Management in Chinese

Module 9 ICT for Disaster Risk Management in Chinese

This module provides government officials and policymakers with an overview of disaster risk management (DRM) and presents an approach for identifying information needs in DRM. It then matches the needs with ICT. The module also describes and provides examples of existing ICT applications for DRM and discusses benefits and barriers for utilizing ICT in DRM.

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UN-APCICT partners with organizations in China to improve disaster risk management human capacity

UN-APCICT partners with organizations in China to improve disaster risk management human capacity

On 16 June, UN-APCICT officially launched the Chinese version of its module on ICT for disaster risk management at the Metropolis Public Security and Emergency Management International Conference, organized IAEM and the Shanghai Administration Institute in Shanghai, China.

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UN-APCICT launches Academy module on ICT for disaster risk management in Chinese

On 16 June 2014, the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Center for ICT for Development (UN-APCICT) will launch the Chinese version of Module 9 of the Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders (Academy) on ICT for disaster risk management in Shanghai, China.

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Using distance education and ICT to improve access, equity and the quality in rural teachers’ professional development in western China

The goal of ‘teacher quality for all’ is proving difficult to achieve in many countries, especially in rural areas, yet teacher quality is a key determinant of students’ participation rates and achievement levels. It also affects the attainment of social justice in terms of equity in educational quality for students. One contributor to teacher quality is professional development though limits on its availability and quality create inequity for many teachers. This paper describes how distance education and ICT improved access, equity, and quality in professional development for rural teachers in one province in western China, viewed through the lens of a ‘rights-based’ framework.

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Information and Communication Technology for Development, ADB Experiences

The Asian Development Bank has been part of searching for better development solutions and innovative approaches using ICT and experiencing the challenges of realities in implementation.This paper selectively takes stock of ADB initiatives across sectors, countries, and regions to share their experiences.

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The Role of ICT in Social Capital Construction of Rural Female Entrepreneurship

In this paper, ICT is proposed to create or strengthen social capital of rural female entrepreneurs. A model of the impact of ICT on rural female social capital and self-employment was founded under the framework of social capital theory and entrepreneurship theory. A field survey conducted in Liaoling province was reported to support the propositions by the author. The result indicated that the implement of ICT encouraged female rural entrepreneurs to create, maintain, and extend their bonding, bridging, and linking forms of social capital, and to impulse the entrepreneurs during self-employing, finally. Some suggestions on how to build social capital with ICT implementing and how to impel rural female to self-employ were put forward as the conclusion.

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Strengthening Rural Livelihoods: The impact of information and communication technologies in Asia

Strengthening Rural Livelihoods: The impact of information and communication technologies in Asia

This capacity buidling publication includes a compilation of several articles written by different authors on the activation of ICT resources in low-income agricultural communities. The articles discuss the effect that ICT, such as cell phone technology, is having on people’s lives in countries across Asia, includeing China, the Philippines, India and Sri Lanka.

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ICT for Disaster Management: Real life examples

This compilation of case studies explores some of the sound practices in the Asia-Pacific region in applications of information, communication and space technology for effective and efficient disaster risk reduction and management.

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Capacity Building of DRR in China

A presentation made by Li Jing from the College of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University, China during the international conference "Building a Local Government Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction" on 11-13 August 2009, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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E-Business Development Services for SMEs in Selected ASEAN Countries and Southern China

E-Business Development Services for SMEs in Selected ASEAN Countries and Southern China

This publication is one of the outputs from a project entitled "Development of e-business development services for SMEs in selected ASEAN countries and Southern China." The publication is based on findings from a desk study, a survey on the use of ICT by SMEs, six national stakeholders consultations, a regional workshop, two training workshops and four pilot projects. This publication includes a CD that contains, among other things, training modules in English and in six languages. This publication provides policy makers and enterprise support agencies with background information on the status of ICT use by SMEs, experiences on the formulation of a strategic framework for the development of e-business services for SMEs, and results of the evaluation of the four pilot projects implemented.

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Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals

Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals

The report’s unique approach lies in its use of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to measure and monitor the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on human development. The report examines country-specific experiences in China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam, and provides cross-country comparisons on the use of ICTs to achieve the MDGs.

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Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia 2004: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Summary

Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia 2004: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Summary

This summary document, with a foreword by Sir Arthur C. Clarke, presents the essence of a pioneering attempt to assess the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in human development in Asia. It captures the rich variety of ICT initiatives in nine Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam) and draws lessons for identifying policy directions.

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