This page contains resources on professional development, skills development, human resource development and institutional capacity building in the knowledge economy.
ICTs will form an essential part in the development of capacity necessary to adapt to the challenges posed by climate change, and to cope with the associated short-term shocks and long-term trends.
APCICT and ICTPA reaffirm ICT capacity building partnership in Mongolia
Timor-Leste and UN Wrap Up Second ICT Training Workshop and Discuss Future Capacity Building Initiatives
The United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development, a regional institute of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-APCICT/ESCAP), and Timor Leste’s Directorate National for Information and Communication Technology (DNICT), of the Ministry of Infrastructure, today concluded the second National Workshop of the “Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders” (Academy) in Dili, Timor-Leste.
The United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development, a regional institute of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-APCICT/ESCAP), has collaborated with the Myanmar government to launch the Training for ICT Capacity Building in Myanmar according to APCICT’s flagship programme of “Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders” (Academy) at the Central Institute of Civil Service (Upper Myanmar) in Pyin Oo Lwin.
The Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development, a regional institute of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-APCICT/ESCAP), has collaborated with the Cambodian government to launch the “Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders” (Academy) in Phnom Penh today.
Cambodian delegation meets with ACPICT leadership to strengthen partnership and prepare for upcoming launch of the “Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders" in Cambodia.
This country paper was prepared for the Third Session of the Governing Council of APCICT. It gives an overview of the initiatives undertaken in the area of ICT Human Capacity Building under the mandates of WSIS and MDGs, and provides specific needs and recommendations for this area in Thailand.
This country paper was prepared for the Third Session of the Governing Council of APCICT. It gives an overview of the initiatives undertaken in the area of ICT Human Capacity Building under the mandates of WSIS and MDGs, and provides specific needs and recommendations for this area in Indonesia.
This country paper was prepared for the Third Session of the Governing Council of APCICT. It gives an overview of the initiatives undertaken in the area of ICT Human Capacity Building under the mandates of WSIS and MDGs, and provides specific needs and recommendations for this area in India.
This country paper was prepared for the Third Session of the Governing Council of APCICT. It gives an overview of the initiatives undertaken in the area of ICT Human Capacity Building under the mandates of WSIS and MDGs, and provides specific needs and recommendations for this area in Bangladesh.
Building Local Capacity for ICT Policy and Regulation: A Needs Assessment and Gap Analysis for Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific - Supply Analysis
This summary report provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of, and need for, capacity building programmes for ICT policy and regulation in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific. For each region, it gives a systematic survey of the current supply of ICT policy and regulatory capacity building efforts. This study focuses on four related aspects of ICT policy and regulatory capacity building: training, technical assistance, research and advocacy.
The objective of Bhutan ICT HRD Master Plan and Strategies (BIHMPS) is to enable Bhutan to become a knowledge-based information society. The master plan, intended to be relevant for a period of five years, has been developed using a consultative approach with stakeholders taking into account the specific context and needs of the country. This master plan document is divided into five chapters. Chapter 1 presents a brief background on Bhutan. Chapter 2 focuses on the key developments and initiatives in the field of ICT in Bhutan. Chapter 3 examines the HRD aspects for ICT in Bhutan including shortage of ICT professionals, its access to a large pool of ICT professionals and underutilization of the existing ICT professionals. The components of the master plan are presented in chapter 4. Chapter 5 presents the operational strategies based on the plans developed in the previous chapter.
Major part of Pakistan is comprised of underdeveloped rural areas with low level of educational system. This has in turn become a main hurdle to gain, accept and to implement the new technologies in the agriculture sector as well as other rural sectors. This article proposes an ICT-Training Centre consisting of wireless networked Rural Kiosk Machines placed at every village, which will be updated through a central place of information - the ICT-Rural Development Department.
APDIP e-Note 17 - ICT Skill Development in the Asia-Pacific Region - Part two: Bridging the gap between demand and supply
This APDIP e-Note is the second in the series on information and communications technology (ICT) skill development in the Asia-Pacific region. While the first part examined the gaps between demand and supply of ICT skills, this APDIP e-Note focuses on what could be done to bridge the identified gaps at national and regional levels.
The Least Developed Countries Report, 2007: Knowledge, Technological Learning and Innovation for Development
This report focus on five issues: (1) the extent to which the development of technological capabilities is occurring in LDCs through international market linkages; (2) the way in which science, technology and innovation (STI) issues are currently treated within LDCs, particularly in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers; (3) current controversies about how stringent intellectual property right regimes affect technological development processes in LDCs and policy options for improving their learning environment; (4) the extent of loss of skilled human resources through emigration and policy options for dealing with that issue; and (5) how ODA is supporting technological learning and innovation in the LDCs and ways to improve it.
In an effort to measure and bridge the digital divide, several different types of indicators have been developed to measure the readiness of a country to adopt information and communication technology (ICT). Many of these indicators measure the extent to which the technology has been adopted within the target population. While some indicators recognize the importance of computer skills and e-literacy, there has been minimal effort to develop a multi-factor set of indicators to measure ICT human resource capacity. In this paper, the authors draw upon prior work on ICT indicators to develop eight sets of ICT human resource capacity indicators, including human capacity of ICT specialists, advanced users, basic users, ICT enabling managers, ICT equipped educators, thought leaders, policy makers, and infrastructure builders.
APDIP e-Note 13 - ICT Skill Development in the Asia-Pacific Region - Part one: the gap between demand and supply
The Asia-Pacific region are major producers and users of information and communication technologies (ICTs). There are, however, significant gap between the demand and supply of ICT professionals. As a first in the series of two complementing APDIP e-Notes, this APDIP e-Note discusses the dynamics creating the demand/supply imbalance. At a strategic level, it explores ways to achieve a balance and make recommendations on actions that policy makers can take to increase the existing ICT skill supply.
ICT Human Resource Development in Asia and the Pacific: Current Status, Emerging Trends, Policies and Strategies
ICT is a skill intensive industry. Human resources related to ICT need close monitoring and development if the region has to maintain and accelerate the current momentum of ICT led economic development and social transformation. The present paper is based on the research and analysis of the status of and trends in ICT sector in the region and in the region’s present and potential international markets; and to analyze the implications of these trends on the ICT human resource development.
The paper is organized in five parts. First, the paper provides an overview of the literature on the knowledge economy, skill, education and training issues. Secondly, it reviews the role of ICTs for vocational skill development and employability. Thirdly, it discusses the issues surrounding the development of the digital divide. Fourthly, it underlines types and the importance of developing ICT initiatives targeting young people, and reviews some of the successful policy implementations on ICT-based initiatives from both developed and developing countries that offer opportunities to young people for learning, skill development and employment. The paper concludes with some recommendations. This paper is based on experiences from the Middle East and North Africa region.
This APDIP e-Note provides a summary of what expert systems are and how they operate; the opportunities they can provide in building capacities and promoting empowerment; and the general processes involved in developing an expert system including the challenges faced. Examples of expert systems used in the field of environmental management and agriculture, knowledge management, and medicine and health are given.
Using ICT in Capacity Building for Poverty Reduction in Asia: Lessons Learned from the Microfinance Training of Trainers Course
This paper identifies key lessons learned in using ICT for capacity building based on two training of trainers courses organized by the Asian Development Bank Institute and their partners on Microfinance. The paper concludes that distance learning is an appropriate method for capacity building, particularly in areas underserved by conventional education systems. Following an introduction, Section II of the paper gives a brief overview of concepts related to distance learning, discusses the prospects and challenges, and highlights the key elements for a successful distance learning activity in developing countries. Section III gives an overview of the courses, while Section IV presents profile of participants of the second course. The main findings of the course evaluation are presented in Section IV.
This is an ADBI-produced CD-ROM that examines the changes in human resources development policy in the Republic of Korea. This presentation was originally presented by Moon Hee Kim from the Ministry of Education and Human Resource Development, Republic of Korea, at the Workforce Development for Knowledge Economy Workshop on 7-13 September 2005 in Seoul, Republic of Korea. The objective of the workshop was to review major technological innovations, their impact on the international labour force and the skills mix required by knowledge workers.
Strengthening Institutional Capacity to Promote Investment and Transfer of Technology with Special Emphasis on Information and Communication Technology
This publication provides information on the importance of intellectual property rights and the implication for investment in and development of information and communication technology.
This paper addresses the issues on youth employment in Iran by providing statistics and pointing out policies and action plans. It also includes the national action plan on human resource development and youth employment based on ICTs.
Over the past decade, Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has been recognized as a potential enabler for national economic and social development and for strengthening competitiveness for Thailand. The government, then, started the initiative in 1992 to set up the National IT Committee, or NITC, which is a high-level policy body chaired by the Prime Minister, which has been resulting some ICT policies. This resource provides ICT Human Resource Development within those policies context.
This report explores the challenges to education and training systems that the knowledge economy presents. It outlines policy options for addressing these challenges and developing viable systems of lifelong learning in developing countries and countries with transition economies. It encourages countries to look beyond traditional approaches to education and training and to engage in a policy dialogue on the pedagogical and economic consequence of lifelong learning.
The study begins by exploring the terms IT and ICT. This is followed by a human resources approach to ICT, based on the assumption that a programme for ICT education should be structured according to a desired level of ICT proficiency. Swedish government policies that have created the conditions for Sweden’s competency in the ICT sector are reviewed, followed by a thorough analysis of education and training in Sweden. The sections on Sri Lanka and Tanzania follow a similar logic though they are more geared to concrete policy recommendations appearing at the end of those chapters.
Indonesia has some basic policies regarding the Information Technology. This article describes Indonesian national IT Policy and the IT trends. It also looks at human resources development as one important field in the development of the IT industry in Indonesia and the enhancement of its international competitiveness.
Building Institutional Capacity in Asia - Alleviating the Digital Divide: Policy Recommendations for Malaysia, Thailand, The Philppines, Vietnam (Executive Summary)
This report examines the evolving Asian ICT environment using a comparative framework. It undertakes an audit of the ICT initiatives in Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam. Data collection involved in this report has been supplemented by interviews with senior policy leaders and executives from key government and research agencies.
This paper describes what Papua New Guinea has done to invest in infrastructure and its ICT human resources.
This paper seeks to examine more closely the roles that young professionals play in knowledge networks; determine what their contributions are; determine what they gain from the network experience; uncover obstacles to their work; and make recommendations to strengthen their participation.
The paper explores ways to improve information capacity building activities in developing countries. Focusing on the capacity building process, it presents some principles and key questions for actors in this area. The paper argues that capacity ‘building’ efforts should be organized around partnerships where mutually beneficial relationships are fostered and capacities are mobilized and shared. It offers a set of principles for such partnerships such as forge new relationships, foster ownership, focus on processes, give priority to local capacities, use open standards, and prepare an exit strategy. The paper advocates capacity sharing for capacity builders in the information sector to bring together the multiple intitiatives in this field.