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Disaster Risk Reduction

This module provides government officials and policymaker with an overview of disaster risk management (DRM), presents an approach for identifying information needs in DRM, and then matching the needs with ICT. The module also describes and provides examples of existing ICT applications for DRM and discusses benefits and barriers for utilizing ICT in DRM.

1. Identify and describe the major activities in DRM (mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery);
2. Identify some of the information challenges in DRM;
3. Apply some of the ICT applications; and
4. Discuss the usefulness of ICT applications for DRM.
5. Understand ICT needs in disaster risk management

UN-APCICT organizes the Session on ICT Human Capacity Development for Resilience at the Technical Meeting on Resilient ICT Connectivity for the Knowledge Economy, SDGs and the WSIS Goals

The Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development organized the Session on ICT Human Capacity Development for Resilience during the Technical Meeting on Resilient ICT Connectivity for the Knowledge Economy, SDGs and the WSIS Goals on 21 September 2016.

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Resilient Business for Resilient Nations and Communities

Resilient Business for Resilient Nations and Communities

Building resilience to disasters is increasingly being recognized as a priority area in order to protect hard-earned development gains in the Asia-Pacific region. The private sector alone is estimated to hold 70 to 85 per cent of the investment in most national economies and makes over $80 trillion worth of institutional investments globally on an annual basis. Clearly, any attempts to reduce the risk of disasters and build resilience will not work without the active participation of the private sector. In turn, the private sector needs to take steps in order to protect itself from the potential dangers of natural disasters and actively contribute to the crucial task of building resilience. Recognizing that the involvement of the private sector in disaster risk management (DRM) is still in a formative stage and good practices are yet to be systematically analyzed, this report represents a first step at documenting the evolving thoughts and practices of the private sector in DRM, particularly from the Asia-Pacific region.

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UN-APCICT promotes capacity building in the use of ICT  for inclusive, resilient and sustainable development

UN-APCICT promotes capacity building in the use of ICT for inclusive, resilient and sustainable development

On 1-4 December, the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT) will hold the Regional Dialogue on ICTD Capacity Building for Inclusive, Resilient and Sustainable Development and Annual Partners Meeting in Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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Disaster risk reduction (revised 2015 edition)

Disaster risk reduction (revised 2015 edition)

This revised Good Practice Review on disaster risk reduction identifies and discusses the principles and practice of disaster risk reduction (DRR), drawing on experiences from around the world. The book is intended primarily for practitioners, principally project planners and managers already working in the DRR field or planning to undertake DRR initiatives, mainly at sub-national and local levels.

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Building resilient societies: UN-APCICT conducts a workshop on social media for disaster risk management in the Philippines

Building resilient societies: UN-APCICT conducts a workshop on social media for disaster risk management in the Philippines

UN-APCICT and the Information and Communication Technology Office of the Department of Science and Technology of the Philippines are organizing a workshop on Social Media for Disaster Risk Management from 1 to 2 October in Manila, Philippines.

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Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance

Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance

The report ‘Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance: UNDP Support during the HFA Implementation Period 2005-2015’ examines the strategies and methodologies employed by UNDP over the last decade to promote an enabling governance environment for disaster risk reduction (DRR). In particular, it presents an analysis of UNDP support for getting DRR on the political agenda as a cross-cutting development priority, and facilitating the translation of DRR policy frameworks into action at the local level. The report provides valuable lessons to inform future policy and programming, as well as recommendations for UNDP’s and other actors involved in the implementation of the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk reduction.

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10 things to know about finance for reducing disaster risk

10 things to know about finance for reducing disaster risk

Finance for reducing disaster risk: 10 things to know focuses on the basics of DRR finance and the opportunities that the Post-2015 development finance landscape can offer. In the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction – the successor to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) – it is imperative that the discussion on financing is elaborated. This accompanying report to the '10 things to know about finance for reducing disaster risk’ provides a clear overview of the needs and trends in DRR finance, the available channels and a nuanced narrative to capture the attention of decision-makers and stakeholders in advance of the Sendai World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR).

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UNISDR Science and Technical Advisory Group Report 2015 - SCIENCE IS USED FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

UNISDR Science and Technical Advisory Group Report 2015 - SCIENCE IS USED FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

The UNISDR Scientific and Technical Advisory Group (STAG) and partners have been working to embed a broader approach to disasters which includes prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. It is no longer sufficient to react once a disaster has occurred, because even if disasters are well managed, the mental and physical impacts on the survivors, broader society and the economy can be devastating and felt over the long term. With disasters increasing in frequency and severity, the International Panel on Climate Change Assessment Report 5 (2014) recognised the urgent need to focus on sustainable development.

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Crisis Communication Strategy for Responding the Disaster in North-East Asia: Enhancing the Cooperative Disaster Management Network and the Social Network

The purpose of this paper is to give some crisis communication strategies for effective cooperation and coordination among the countries in global society. Based on the theoretical discussions, in this paper, five strategic recommendations toward improving crisis communication are offered as follows; First, it is necessary that a small, dynamic team for global crisis communication function be established among the nearby countries. Second, for understanding the neighboring country's crisis situation, it is needed that the common crisis communication organizations which play an important role of disseminating accurate information and giving the collaborative efforts in each country have to be made. Third, for effective crisis management, an appropriate infrastructure that includes open and effective communication channels among different levels and across organizations must be in place. Fourth, mass communication should fulfill a variety of functions in society and provide information, interpretation of events, and its influence, etc for cooperating and coordinating the crisis management. Fifth, to acquire a correct understanding of the bordering country's crisis and calamities, intercultural education program should be established in the crisis communication system.

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Module 9 ICT for Disaster Risk Management in Chinese

Module 9 ICT for Disaster Risk Management in Chinese

This module provides government officials and policymakers with an overview of disaster risk management (DRM) and presents an approach for identifying information needs in DRM. It then matches the needs with ICT. The module also describes and provides examples of existing ICT applications for DRM and discusses benefits and barriers for utilizing ICT in DRM.

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UN-APCICT enhances disaster risk reduction human capacity building efforts in the Philippines

UN-APCICT enhances disaster risk reduction human capacity building efforts in the Philippines

On 11-12 July, UN-APCICT held a two-day workshop in Malaybalay City, Philippines, on the use of ICT for disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change and green growth.

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UN leverages power of social media for development in Asia-Pacific

UN leverages power of social media for development in Asia-Pacific

Recognizing the need to leverage social media for socio-economic development, the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT/ESCAP) held a regional workshop on Social Media for Development on 30 June - 2 July, in Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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UN-APCICT partners with organizations in China to improve disaster risk management human capacity

UN-APCICT partners with organizations in China to improve disaster risk management human capacity

On 16 June, UN-APCICT officially launched the Chinese version of its module on ICT for disaster risk management at the Metropolis Public Security and Emergency Management International Conference, organized IAEM and the Shanghai Administration Institute in Shanghai, China.

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UN-APCICT launches Academy module on ICT for disaster risk management in Chinese

On 16 June 2014, the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Center for ICT for Development (UN-APCICT) will launch the Chinese version of Module 9 of the Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders (Academy) on ICT for disaster risk management in Shanghai, China.

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Disaster Management, Developing Country Communities & Climate Change: The Role of ICTs

Climate change presents two types of disaster threat in developing countries. One is the potentially devastating impact on vulnerable communities of more frequent and more intense extreme weather events. This contributes to the second threat, the compounding of what are already complex development problems leading to a potential downward development spiral for the world’s poor. Effective disaster response demands rapid access to reliable and accurate data and the capacity to assess, analyse and integrate information from varied sources. ICTs can contribute to improve this. This paper focuses on the role of ICTs in reducing the impacts of acute climate-related events. It discusses the centrality of the community in effective disaster management, while acknowledging the important role of governments, donors, businesses, epistemic communities and NGOs. Some ICT applications in hydrometeorological disasters are described. In spite of the concerns regarding dependency and unsustainability raised by the fact that majority of applications are funded externally, the paper argues there are grounds for optimism.

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A Civilian Reporting Service to Guide Converging Resources for Search and Rescue in Disaster Response

This paper proposes a geo spatial information repository for initial condition reporting and updating to guide search and rescue operations and deployment of equipment with safety considerations for the rescuers in large scale disaster response scenarios.

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APCICT launched four new online modules of its flagship training programmes on ICT for Development

APCICT launched four new online modules of its flagship training programmes on ICT for Development

In March of 2014, APCICT launched four new online modules of its flagship programmes the 'Academy of ICT Essential for Government Leaders' and the 'Primer Series on ICTD for Youth' on its online distance learning platform, the APCICT Virtual Academy.

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Disaster Events Detection using Twitter Data

In this paper, interest is in the rapid detection of disaster events such as tsunami, tornadoes, forest fires, and earthquakes. The detection system of disaster events is described and the way to detect a target event from Twitter data is also shown in this paper. The research examines three disasters during the same time period and compares Twitter activity and Internet news on Google. A significant result from this research is that emergency detection could begin using the microblogging service.

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Performance Evaluation of Multi-Hop Communication Based on a Mobile Multi-Robot System in a Subterranean Laneway

For disaster exploration and surveillance application, this paper aims to present a novel application of a multi-robot agent based on WSN and to evaluate multi-hop communications supported by robotics used in subterranean tunnel. The paper proposes a Primary-Scout Multi-Robot System (PSMRS) and reports on the implementation of a chain topology in a subterranean environment using a trimmed ZigBee2006 protocol stack to build the multi-hop communication network. A physical experiment based on the strategy of PS-MRS was used in this paper to evaluate the efficiency of multi-hop communication and to realize the delivery of data packets in an unknown and uncertain underground laboratory environments.

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APCICT co-organizes workshop on ICT for Disaster Risk Management in the Philippines

APCICT co-organizes workshop on ICT for Disaster Risk Management in the Philippines

On 3-5 February 2014, APCICT will co-organized a workshop on ICT for Disaster Risk Management with the Career Executive Service Board (CESB) of the Philippines in order to address the urgent needs of improving the capacity of the country to more effectively respond to disaster situations and of enhancing its disaster risk reduction efforts.

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APCICT develops new resources to enhance ICT for Development Capacity of Youth in Asia and the Pacific

APCICT develops new resources to enhance ICT for Development Capacity of Youth in Asia and the Pacific

In October, the Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT/ESCAP) released three new issues of the Primer Series on ICTD for Youth (Primer Series) on the topics of Project Management and ICT; ICT for Disaster Risk Management; and ICT, Climate Change and Green Growth.

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Using ICT & Social Media in Disasters: Opportunities & Risks for Government

This report examines four different issue areas to analyze how social media is used in the context of risk and crisis communication. These areas include: public safety and preparedness; emergency warnings, alerts and requests for assistance; recovery efforts; and, finally, monitoring and situational awareness. In the context of each of these areas, it highlights the key literature and real-life examples to explore the risks vs. opportunities in the utility of social media. These four areas capture the role of engagement and strategy in both the risk and crisis space.

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Developing South Asia: Lessons & Insights

This publication, the first of South Asia Department’s South-South learning series, aims to showcase lessons, replicable practices, and other insights which development practitioners can learn from, and apply in, the context of their respective countries. Projects discussed here represent various sectors such as energy, urban development, transport, information and communications technology (ICT), irrigation, and disaster risk reduction. The selection of the projects showcased in this publication was based on their implementation or completion within the last ten years, an overall rating of either Highly Satisfactory or Satisfactory in their project completion reports, representation of all developing member countries in South Asia, representation of major sectors of ADB operations in South Asia, and the achievement of exemplary and significant results vis-à-vis their respective project components as documented in the project completion reports.

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Precursor Process and Triggering Mechanism of Rapid Landslides under Extreme Weather Conditions, and an Attempt of ICT-Based Participatory Joint Mapping of Past Landslides with Experts in Developing Countries

This paper introduces the recent extreme rainfall-induced landslide disasters and results of ring shear tests showing the triggering mechanism of rapid and long run-out landslides. It introduces an attempt of ICT-based landslide micro-topography mapping using Google Earth. Finally, it also aims to provide new participatory work and learning for creating better and reliable hazard mapping.

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Considering emergency and disaster management systems from a software architecture perspective

The use of ICTs has been highly advocated for addressing the obstacles and improving decision-making in the event of a disaster. A number of ICT support systems and frameworks have evolved over time to support the highly time and collaboration intensive task of emergency and disaster management. This paper is based on a survey of the existing systems, ongoing research projects, supporting systems and concepts. These systems have been classified based on their use in the four stages of Comprehensive Emergency Management (CEM). Further, the systems are broadly divided into monitoring, live and simulation systems. Based on the study of these diverse systems and concepts, the paper highlights certain vital qualitative concerns for emergency and disaster management software systems. The paper looks at these concerns from a software architectural perspective and suggest some ways to address and incorporate them into future endeavors of research and deployment in this area.

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ICT-Based Work Management to Support Unmanned Construction For Post-Disaster Restoration

This paper describes the ICT-based work management to enhance collaborative works and interactive communication, and to grasp significant information in order to support unmanned construction for post-disaster restoration. Firstly, this paper reports the unmanned constructions that have been and are being done in the Unzen restoration project. Secondly, are presented the collaboration, communication, construction and intelligent management (C3IM), which is a comprehensive, web-enabled system to enhance collaborative works and interactive communication, and to grasp significant information in order to support the unmanned construction. Thirdly, are described staple functions of the ICTbased work management Fourth, are reported applications of the ICT-based work management to the unmanned construction of multilayer sediment control dam using sediment forms in the Unzen restoration project. Finally, it shows remarks.

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Disaster Resilient Networking - A New Vision based on Movable and Deployable Resource Units (MDRUs)

During the “great east Japan earthquake” on March 11, 2011, a lot of ICT resources were completely or partially damaged due to the tremor and the resultant tsunami. As a consequence, the demand for ICT services explosively increased, mainly because the people of the affected areas were trying to communicate with the outside world that led to a phenomenal rise in the network traffic. This gave rise to a serious traffic congestion, and the emergency ICT networks and services could not deal with this issue sufficiently. This article proposes a network architecture, which is resilient even under the devastating disasters by effectively exploiting especially designed “Movable and Deployable Resource Units” (MDRUs). The concept and configuration of the network architecture based upon MDRU and its features are described in the article. Some preliminary simulation results are also reported to evaluate the performance of our adopted MDRU based disaster resilient network.

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APCICT supports training on ICT in Disaster Risk Management organized by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean in Port-of-Spain, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

APCICT supports training on ICT in Disaster Risk Management organized by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean in Port-of-Spain, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

APCICT takes its flagship training programme for government officials beyond Asia and the Pacific region by supporting a training workshop on ICT in Disaster Risk Management (DRM) which will be organized by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) in Port-of-Spain, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago on 15-18 September 2013.

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Workshop on ICT for Disaster Risk Management hosted for government officials in Tonga

Workshop on ICT for Disaster Risk Management hosted for government officials in Tonga

A workshop on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for Disaster Risk Management was hosted by the Ministry of Public Enterprises, Tonga as a pre-event to the Pacific Chapter of the Internet Society (PICISOC) regional workshop at the Fa‘onelua Convention Center Conference from 10th -13th September 2013.

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APCICT Partners with the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean to Organize Training on ICT in Disaster Risk Management

APCICT Partners with the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean to Organize Training on ICT in Disaster Risk Management in Port-of-Spain, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

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APCICT organizes a National Training of Trainers (TOT) workshop on the Academy and Primer Series in Tajikistan

APCICT organizes a National Training of Trainers (TOT) workshop on the Academy and Primer Series in Tajikistan

APCICT provides training on 'ICT for Disaster Risk Management, 'ICT, Climate Change and Green Growth', 'Social Media for Development', and 'An Introduction to ICT for Development' to government officials and academics in Romit, Tajikistan.

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ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction: The Indian Experience

ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction: The Indian Experience

This report provides a brief introduction to the national framework India has developed for Disaster Risk Reduction, and how ICT is being implemented within this policy. The report summarizes the different ICT resources the Government of India is utilizing to reduce disaster risk and manage disasters that do occur

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ICT for Disaster Management: Real life examples

This compilation of case studies explores some of the sound practices in the Asia-Pacific region in applications of information, communication and space technology for effective and efficient disaster risk reduction and management.

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ICTD Case Study 2: ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction

ICTD Case Study 2: ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction

The second issue of the Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development’s (APCICT) ICTD Case Study Series, ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction, discusses the ways in which ICT has positively impacted the various phases of disaster management. Noting the use of ICT during and in the immediate aftermath of disasters like the Indian Ocean Tsunami, and most recently the Haiti Earthquake, the case studies examine the important role ICTs play in disaster preparedness, response and mitigation. Case Study 2 shares the lessons learned by disaster management practitioners who have deployed ICT in response to disasters in countries like Bangladesh, China, Sri Lanka, and Haiti.

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Microsoft’s Role in International Disaster Risk Reduction

A presentation made by Gisli Olafsson during the international conference "Building a Local Government Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction" on 11-13 August 2009, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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Using ICT for Earthquake Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in Iran

A presentation made by Yasamin O. Izadkhah, Assistant Professor,Risk Management Research Center,IIEES during the international conference "Building a Local Government Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction" on 11-13 August 2009, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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Akademi Modul 9 - TIK untuk Manajemen Risiko Bencana

Manajemen Risiko Bencana (MRB) merupakan bidang yang merasakan banyak manfaat dari TIK. Modul ini menyediakan gambaran MRB, informasi terkait hal tersebut dan kebutuhan untuk berkomunikasi serta aplikasi TIK dalam kegiatankegiatannya. Tujuan Modul. Modul ini bertujuan untuk: 1. Menjelaskan gambaran MRB; 2. Menjabarkan sebuah pendekatan pendekatan untuk mengidentifikasi kebutuhan informasi MRB, kemudian menyocokkannya dengan TIK; 3. Menjabarkan dan memberikan contoh aplikasi TIK yang sudah ada untuk MRB; dan 4. Meningkatkan pertimbangan-pertimbangan kebijakan (keuntungan dan batasannya) dalam rangka mengimplementasikan TIK di MRB;

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Module 9 - Persion

This module provides government officials and policymaker with an overview of disaster risk management (DRM), presents an approach for identifying information needs in DRM, and then matching the needs with ICT. The module also describes and provides examples of existing ICT applications for DRM and discusses benefits and barriers for utilizing ICT in DRM.

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